Because salivary gland cancer is a rare cancer, experts have not been able to draw very many conclusions about the possible causes.
- History of radiation exposure
- Gender: Cancer in the salivary glands is more common in men than women.
- Age: Most people are in their 50s or 60s when diagnosed with salivary gland cancer.
- Tobacco: Tobacco includes both smoking and smokeless tobacco (snuff and chewing tobacco).
- Alcohol: There may also be a connection between drinking alcohol and salivary gland cancer, but the data is not conclusive.
Exposure to toxins in the workplace
- Certain metals, such as nickel alloy dust
- Certain minerals, including silica dust
- Asbestos mining
- Plumbing equipment
- Rubber manufacturing