Risk Factors - Throat Cancers (Laryngeal and Pharyngeal Cancers)

Laryngeal cancer Surgeon in Ahmedabad

Throat cancer (including the pharyngeal and the laryngeal cancers) can affect anyone. Major risk factors include smoking/ chewing tobacco, alcohol use and infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV).


Learn more about the risk factors for throat cancer.

  • Tobacco: Tobacco use includes both smoking and smokeless tobacco (snuff and chewing tobacco). People who are exposed to passive smoking are also at a greater risk for throat cancer. If you smoke or chew tobacco, you can reduce your risk of throat cancer by stopping it.
  • Alcohol: Alcohol consumption is another major risk factor for throat cancer. It increases the carcinogenic effects of tobacco.
  • Betel quid and gutka: People who chew betel quid or gutka, have an increased risk of throat cancer.
  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus): HPV is the fastest-growing head and neck cancer cause recently. The strains most commonly linked to head and neck cancer are HPV 16 and, less commonly, HPV 18.

Other Throat Cancer Risk Factors

  • A diet low in fruits and vegetables
  • A diet high in salt-cured fish and meat
  • Exposure to the Epstein-Barr virus

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